Trauma-Informed Counseling

Trauma is an emotional reaction to a painful or distressing event. It can occur suddenly and without warning, posing a serious risk to life and beyond one's control. Complex trauma is the result of recurring and often invasive experiences, particularly in childhood or adolescence. Racial trauma stems from long-term exposure to racial stressors such as racism, discrimination, hate crimes, and racist abuse in various settings.

"Trauma blocks love, but love heals trauma" - Dr. Frank Anderson IFS

Trauma has physiological and psychological effects, stimulating the body's central stress response system and increasing cortisol production, which can lead to health conditions such as heart disease or depression.

Traumatic experiences can also trigger anxiety, rage, panic, delusion, and flashbacks, disrupting daily life and resulting in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).


Anxiety is characterized by tense muscles and evasive behavior in anticipation of future problems. Anxiety on occasion is common, but anxiety disorders are something else. They are mental diseases that severely disturb a person's daily life by causing excessive anxiety and dread.

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is characterized by excessive and irrational worry over ordinary situations. GAD patients always assume the worse will happen, which distorts their viewpoint and may result in physical problems.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is another anxiety disorder that involves unwanted, intrusive thoughts and fears (obsessions) leading to repetitive activities or behaviors (compulsions). Those with OCD may experience severe social discomfort.

Social anxiety disorder or social phobia causes individuals to find social situations overwhelming, making it difficult to socialize even in "normal" contexts such as small talk or eye contact. Those with social phobia may face challenges in various aspects of their lives.


Major Depressive Disorder is a significant psychiatric disorder that has adverse impacts on an individual's cognitive, behavioral, and emotional states. This condition can lead to a profound sense of despair, causing a range of psychological and physiological difficulties.

The symptoms of depression can vary in intensity, ranging from mild to severe.
Common indications include persistent feelings of

  • Sadness
  • Changes in appetite
  • Loss of interest in activities
  • Increased fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Mood swings
  • Disrupted sleep patterns
  • Sluggishness
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Thoughts of self-harm

Depression can affect anyone, irrespective of their outward appearance of contentment.
However, the good news is that depression is among the most treatable mental illnesses.

Racial and Ethnic Identity issues

While the terms "race" and "ethnicity" are often used interchangeably, they have distinct meanings. Although both concepts pertain to human identity, they operate differently, albeit in a related manner. Race is primarily determined by genetic factors and, as such, is passed down through generations.

In contrast, ethnicity is something that a person acquires or identifies with based on cultural, geographical, or historical factors. Both race and ethnicity are crucial aspects of one's self-identity, providing a sense of belonging and cultural identity. However, they can also be a source of stress, anxiety, and mental health disorders such as depression, prejudice, discrimination, and intergenerational trauma. These challenges are among the issues that individuals face in navigating their racial and ethnic identities.